The Role of Women in Ancient Egypt

The role of women in ancient Egypt is very much on the higher side when compared to the other kingdoms. This fact is proved by the number of the archaeological evidence which is being inscribed on the walls of the ancient Egypt sites. There was no division which was being made in terms of the gender, but there was division which was made only based on the classes of the society. Both the gender that belonged to the same class will be treated equally. The women in the ancient Egypt had all the legal rights and also the property right.

The women can manage all the property of hers and can sell it on her will and can also buy any property which she wants to without any kind of the barrier. This is one of the important attribute to recognize the importance of the role of women in ancient Egypt. The women had the right to get one third of the property in case of the death of her husband and the remaining two thirds will be inherited to the son or the daughter or even the brother or sister of the deceased.

The women were given a very good status in the home and they were mostly housed in the mud brick house and will be very useful in carrying out the various works in the home like making the food and other stuffs. They were the one who frequently visit the market and purchase the items which are required for the day to day life. All this facts is based on the theory and the surely The role of women in ancient Egypt is much more than the role of the women in the Greek civilization. The Egyptians were very sensible in recognizing the importance of the women in the society.

In the ancient civilization of Egypt, women held a unique and influential position that set them apart from many other cultures of the time. Egyptian society recognized the importance and contributions of women, granting them rights and opportunities that were not always available in other ancient societies. From ruling as pharaohs to working as scribes, women in ancient Egypt played multifaceted roles that contributed to the prosperity and development of this remarkable civilization.

One of the most striking aspects of the role of women in ancient Egypt was their legal rights and autonomy. Unlike in many other ancient societies, Egyptian women had the right to own, inherit, and manage property independently. They could engage in business transactions, serve as witnesses in legal matters, and even initiate divorce proceedings. This legal independence allowed women to actively participate in economic activities and exert control over their own lives.

Education was highly valued in ancient Egypt, and both boys and girls had the opportunity to receive an education. Women had access to education, enabling them to become skilled in reading, writing, and mathematics. Some women even became scribes, recording and managing official documents. Education provided women with the tools to actively participate in intellectual and administrative spheres.

In addition to education and economic pursuits, women in ancient Egypt held positions of power and authority. One of the most notable examples is Hatshepsut, who reigned as pharaoh during the New Kingdom period. Hatshepsut successfully ruled Egypt for over two decades, undertaking ambitious building projects and fostering trade relationships with other nations. Her reign stands as a testament to the capability and respect accorded to women in ancient Egyptian society.

Women also held influential religious roles in ancient Egypt. They served as priestesses, conducting rituals and ceremonies in temples. Some goddesses, such as Isis and Hathor, were revered as protectors and nurturers. Women had the opportunity to serve these deities and participate in religious practices, contributing to the spiritual fabric of the society.

The family unit was highly valued in ancient Egypt, and women played essential roles as wives and mothers. Marriage was considered a partnership, and women had rights within the household. They had the power to manage the household, make financial decisions, and participate in the upbringing and education of their children. The respect given to the role of motherhood and the nurturing qualities of women highlight the esteemed position they held within the family structure.

It is important to note that social status played a role in the extent of women’s rights and opportunities. Women from the lower social classes may have faced more limitations and restrictions compared to those from the higher classes. However, even within these societal variations, women in ancient Egypt had more agency and rights compared to many other contemporary civilizations.

The role of women in ancient Egypt was far from being passive or marginalized. They enjoyed legal rights, access to education, economic independence, and held positions of power and authority. Their contributions were recognized and valued, and they played integral roles in the social, economic, religious, and political spheres of ancient Egyptian society.

The legacy of the empowered women of ancient Egypt continues to inspire and resonate with us today. Their influence challenges conventional notions of gender roles and highlights the significance of gender equality in a society’s progress and development. The women of ancient Egypt serve as a reminder that throughout history, women have been instrumental in shaping civilizations and should be celebrated and acknowledged for their contributions to society.

Wikipedia: Ancient Egypt
History Channel: Ancient Egypt
Live Science: Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt for Kids
British Museum: Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt